Artificial insemination is a process in which sperm are injected directly into the woman's cervix or uterus.
When the sperm are placed inside the uterus, the process is also known as intrauterine insemination, or IUI. The procedure can be used for male factor problems, including low sperm count and poor sperm motility. It can also be used when the woman has problems with her reproductive structures or her cervical mucus. Finally, if the male partner's sperm is unable to fertilize the egg, artificial insemination can insert donor sperm into the woman's uterus.
To begin the process, sperm must be collected from the male.
This is usually accomplished through masturbation. We then wash the sperm before inserting it into the woman's uterus through a catheter. We then ask the woman to lie down for 15-30 minutes to allow the sperm to reach the egg more easily. IUI can be repeated if pregnancy does not occur after the first attempt.