Causes of Infertility

What Causes Infertility?

Understanding female reproduction and the female reproductive system will give you some insight as to just how many things can go wrong when trying to conceive. Really, getting pregnant is a miracle.

Infertility in Men

Sometimes it is easier to determine the root of infertility in men than in women. A simple semen analysis will either rule out male factor infertility or confirm it. 


A male may experience infertility due to reduced sperm production, hormone imbalance, obstructive problems affecting the transfer of sperm to semen, or the adverse affects of environment, medications or illnesses.

Understanding the male reproduction process and reproductive system and just how many things have to be functioning properly in order to have produce children will give you some perspective.

Infertility in Women

Female causes for infertility are varied, but the number one reason a woman may struggle to become pregnant on her own is due to age. A woman is born with a finite number of eggs. Typically speaking, the quality of her eggs begins to decline in her 30's. Age and infertility go hand in hand.

After age 40 chromosomal abnormalities begin to show up. If a woman enters premature ovarian failure or begins to display symptoms of peri-menopause like irregular periods or ovulation, infertility treatment should begin as soon as possible.


Other reasons a woman can't get pregnant on her own may include ectopic pregnancy, a simple hormone imbalance, the affects if being over or under weight, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), hypothalmic amenorrhea or hyperprolactinemia, or uterine issues such as fibroids or polyps in the uterus.

When to Seek Help

Knowing when to make the switch from researching on the Internet to actually sitting down with a specialist is not hard at all. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine suggests that a woman under the age 30 who has been trying for more than 12 months on her own with no success should seek the help of a fertility specialist. That time frame shortens to only 6 months for women over age 30. Knowing when to seek help from a specialist is key.

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